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Genealogy or the Adams Family. 159
there, an inscription on a tombstone in a neighboring graveyard is curiously
substituted for the verses on the east side. For other details of this extraordi-
nary flood see Virginia Gazette for May 30, 1771 — also the Scots' (Edinburgh)
Magazine for July of the same year.
4 Before the French war, no bills of credit existed in Virginia, while coin
itself, from the frequent occurrence of laws relating to it, would seem to have
been abundant. It is a mistake to represent the currency as merely tobacco
and tobacco notes. In the French and Indian- war the contribution of Virginia
was very great. Paper money was issued — £20,000 in May, 1755, £40,000 in
August of the same year, and numerous issues were made thereafter. Bland's
letter is sufficient evidence that the planters commanded coin enough to keep
these notes at par. According to K. 0. Nicholas, the treasurer, the Virginia
paper money was generally preferred by the merchants to gold and silver.
(See his letters in the Virginia Gazette of July 29, 1773, and September 30,
6 James Horrocks had been master of the Grammar School for two or three
years, but found means to carry his election for president over Richard
Graham, who had been professor of mathematics in the college for nearly
twenty years. While on his way to England he died at Oporto, March 20,
1772. He left a brother, Thomas, and a sister, Frances, both of Wakefield,
Great Britain. (See White's Encyclopedia of Biography, Vol. III., for a sketch
6 See paper, in this number, by Charles Washington Coleman, regarding
'Edward Montague, of the Middle Temple, Esq., was appointed agent for
Virginia in 1759. (Hening, VIL, p. 276.)
8 This statement is hardly the full truth. The toleration act of 1 William and
Mary was expressly recognized by an act of the Virginia Legislature, passed in
1699. But all preachers had to obtain a license to preach, and it was the non-
observance of this requirement that got the Baptists and other dissenters into
trouble. License, 'tis true, was not always readily obtained from the governor,
and the punishment accorded the dissenting ministers for violation of the
law was sometimes harsh and unjust.
GENEALOGY OF THE ADAMS FAMILY OF NEW KENT
AND HENEICO COUNTIES, VA.
Compiled by C. W. Coleman.
I. Eiohaed 1 Adams, of Abridge, Co. Essex, England, citizen and
merchant-tailor of London, executed a deed of trust, 23 Sept.,
1718, for the use of his wife, Anne Adams, and their children
(named below); and made his will 7 Oct., 1719, administration
granted to his widow, 1720. She, as Anne Adams, of West Ham,
in the county of Essex, widow, made her will 8 Oct., 1734, men-
tioning, with others, son Ebenezar 2 Adams and Tabitha, his wife,
160 William and Maby College Quabtebly.
and their daughter Anne*; son Timothy 8 ; grandsons Bichard*
and Samuel 3 Adams, sons of her son William, 8 deceased; grand-
son Timothy 3 Atkinson ; daughter Sarah 2 Atkinson, sole executrix.
Administration granted in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 7
June, 1744, to Wm. Binford, sole executor named in the will of Sarah
Atkinson, -widow, dec'd. Issue of Bichard 1 and Anne ( — ) Adams:
1. William, 3 died before 1734, leaving issue : i. Bichard 3 ; ii.
2. Sarah," married before 23 Sept., 1718, Atkinson. The
will of Mrs. Sarah Atkinson, of the parish of St. Botolph, with-
out Aldgate, London, widow, dated 2 July, and proved in the Pre-
rogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1 Aug., 1743,
mentions, with others, brother Timothy' Adams and his wife;
son Timothy Atkinson, 3 and in the event of bis death, certain
property to the children of her brother Ebenezar* Adams; Wil-
liam Binford, of Houndsditch, draper, executor. She left issue
one son, Timothy Atkinson, 3 of Barbadoes, who in his will (23
June, 1744), mentions his mother, Mrs. Sarah Atkinson, of
Great Britain, deceased; the children of his uncle Ebenezar 9
Adams, of Virginia, to whom he leaves the bulk of his property,
and others. Administration granted to William Binford, of
London, who wrote, 22 Oct., 1750, to Col. Bichard 3 Adams (eld-
est son of the said Ebenezar" Adams), of Henrico Co., Virginia,
concerning the above-cited wills, and stating that Timothy At-
kinson had died at sea in his passage from Barbadoes. [Adams
Papers in Va. Hist. Soc. - ]
(FX) 3. Ebenezar* of whom hereafter.
4. Timothy, 8 living and married in 1743.
II. Ebenezae 8 Adams (Richard'), of St. Peter's parish, New
Kent Co., Virginia, gent., came to Virginia before 1714, and re-
ceived grants of 3,983 acres in New Kent and Henrico counties in
that year and subsequently ; was vestryman of St. Peter's parish,
and died 13 June, 1735. [St. Peter's Parish Reg.] He married
about 1718, Tabitha, daughter of Bichard Cocke, "the younger of
Bremo " (Bichard, 8 of Bremo, Lt. Col. Bichard, 1 of Bremo and
Malvern Hill, the emigrant), by his first wife, Anne (b. 23 Jan.,,
1675 ; d. 24 April, 1705), daughter of Thomas Bowler, Esq., of
Bappahannock Co., member of the Council, &c. The last will and
testament of Bichard Cocke, of Bremo, Henrico Co., was presented
in court Oct., 1720, by Ebenezar Adams, one of the executors
named therein, and certificate granted, John Boiling and William
Genealogy of the Adams Family. 161
Randolph, securities. [Henrico Order Book, p. 48.] Tabitha
(Cocke) Adams owned that portion of her grandfather's, Thomas
Bowler's estate, in Essex Co., still known as Bowler's, on which
was a public warehouse. [Journal Souse Burgesses, 29 May and
11 Jane, 1740.] She was hying a widow in New Kent Co., in
1760, being mentioned at that time in the will of her son-in-law,
Col. Francis Smith, of Essex. [Essex Records.] Issue of Ebene-
zar 2 and Tabitha (Cocke) Adams :
1. Richard,* b. ; d. 12 Sept., 1721. [St. Peter's Reg.]
2. Bowler, 3 b. 19 April, 1722; d. 26 Nov., 1726. [Ibid.]
3. William, 3 b. 4 July 1724. [Ibid] ; died apparently without
issue, before 25 Aug., 1763.
(III.) 4. Richard* (second child of that name), b. 17 May, 1726,
[Ibid], of whom hereafter.
5. Tabitha,' b. 7 July, 1728 [Ibid] ; married Richard Eppes.
(IV.) 6. Thomas? of whom hereafter.
7. Anne,' b. about 1731 ; d. 1775 [Essex Records], mentioned
in her grandmother's will. She married about 1748, Col. Francis
Smith, of South Farnham parish, Essex Co., member of the
House of Burgesses, 1752-58, and was his second wife. He died
in 1762 [Essex Records^, leaving issue by his first wife Lucy
Meriwether, Col. Meriwether Smith, and two daughters; and
by his second wife, Anne 3 Adams, i. Francis Smith, 4 of "Piscat-
away," Essex Co., and subsequently of Georgia ; married Lucy
"Wilkinson, and had, with other issue, Thomas Adams Smith 5 (b.
12 Aug., 1781 ; d. 25 June, 1844), Brig. General U. S. Army,
whose eldest child, Lucy Anne Smith, 6 (b. 11 Nov. 1812; d. 18
Feb., 1867), married Judge Beverley Tucker, Professor of Law
in the College of William and Mary, &c. ii. William Smith,*
member of Essex Co. Committee, 1774, House of Delegates,
1778, etc.; married Mary, daughter of John and Ruth (Sydnor),
Belfield, and died in 1785, leaving issue, iii. Anne Smith. 4
£ Essex Records.]
8. Sarah,' married Col. John Fry, of Albemarle Co., and had
issue : i. Joshua Fry, 4 married Peachy, daughter of Dr. Thomas
Walker, of "Castle Hill," Albemarle Co.; ii. William Adams
Fry, 4 d. s. p.; iii. Tabitha Fry, 4 married Bowler Cocke, of Ken-
tucky. [See Slaughter's Memoir of Col. Joshua Ery.]
III. Col. Riohaed 3 Adams (Eben., s Richard 1 ), of Richmond*
Va., b. in New Kent oo., 17 May, 1726 [St. Peter's Reg.]; d. in
Richmond, 2 Aug., 1800 [Nicholson's Va. Gazette]. He was a
162 William and Mary College Quarterly.
member of the House of Burgesses for New Kent and Henrioo
from 1752 to 1775; Henrico county committee, 1774-755 Vir-
ginia Convention of 1775; House of Delegates, 1776-1778; Vir-
ginia Senate, 1779-1782. [Legislative Lists."] He is said to
have been the largest property owner of his day in Eichmond,
lived on Church Hill, his residence being the building now known
as the Convent of Monte Maria ; " was an ardent patriot through-
out the Eevolution, and one of the most enterprising, public-
spirited, wealthy and influential citizens of Eichmond." Adams
street is named in his honor. [Va. Hist. Coll., X., p. 373;
Wynne's Vestry Book of St. John's Church, pp. 184, 186.] He
married, 10 April, 1755, Elizabeth, daughter of Leroy and Mary
Anne (Bertrand) Griffin, of Eichmond Co., Va., and sister of
Judge Cyrus Griffin, of Williamsburg. [Wm. <& Mary Quar.,
V, p. 19.] She was born 1738 ; d. 23 Dec, 1800. Col. Eichard*
Adams, his wife, and a number of their descendants, are buried
in Eichmond, where their tombs may be seen. Issue :
1. Tabitha, 4 b. 4 July, 1756; d. unmarried 17 Feb., 1828.
2. Elizabeth Pressin, 4 b. 17 Dec, 1757 [St. Peter's Beg.] ;
d. unmarried, 1832.
3. Thomas Bowler, 4 b. 18 Sept, 1759 ; d. in Eichmond, Va.,
28 Nov., 1794. [Gazette.] He married Sarah Mowison (d.
May, 1794 — Gazette), whose mother was a Miss Bland, of
Prince George Co., and had issue one daughter, Sarah Bland,'
who died unmarried.
4. Eichard, 4 b. 26 Nov., 1760 ; d. 9 Jan., 1817. Col. Eichard 4
Adams, Juh., married, first, Elizabeth (b. 1771, d. 27 Oct.,
1809), widow of Peter Skipwith Eandolph, of " Chatsworth,"
and daughter of Col. James and Prances (Jones) Southall.
Issue: i., Eichard 3 ; ii., Eichard 5 ; iii., Cyrus 6 ; iv., Eleanor,
all of whom died in infancy. He married, secondly, Sarah
Travers (b. 31 Dec, 1765 ; d. s. p. June, 1815), widow of Charles
Hay, Colonel TJ. S. army, and daughter of Travers and Prances
5. Anne, 4 b. 27 Oct., 1762 ; d. 22 Oct., 1820. She married,
30 Sept., 1787, CoL Mayo Carrington (b. 1 Apr., 1753; d. 28
Dec, 1803), of " Boston Hill," Cumberland Co., Va., and had,
with other issue, George Mayo Carrington."
6. William, 4 b. 8 June, 1764; d. unmarried, 15 June,
7. Sarah, 4 b. 14 Jan., 1766; d. 30 Sept., 1806. She married,
Genealogy of the Adams Family. 163
7 Feb., 1793, George William Smith (b. 1762; d. 26 Dec,
1811), Governor of Virginia, &c. Issue.
8. Alice, 4 b. 20 Feb., 1768; married, 28 June, 1788, William
Marshall, of Fauquier Co., Va. Issue.
9. Bbenezer, 4 died in infancy.
10. John, 4 b. 14 July, 1773; d. 23 June, 1825. Physician
and prominent citizen of Richmond; member of the House of
Delegates, 1803, 1804 ; mayor, 18— ; erected and occupied the
house on Church Hill now known as the Van Lew residence.
[Legislative Lists; St. John's Vestry Book, p. 186.] He mar-
ried Margaret, daughter of Geddes Winston, of Richmond, and
had issue: i., Mary, 5 married Dr. John Minge; ii., Eliza,' mar-
ried John Heron; hi., Margaret, 6 married, first, Charles
Pickett; secondly, her first cousin, Col. George Mayo Car-
rington, 6 of Richmond; iv., Martha, 6 married Burwell Moseley, of
Norfolk, Va. ; v., Louisa, 6 married her cousin, Dr. Richard A.
Carrington 6 ; vi., Elvira, 5 married David Minge; vii, John 6 ; viii.,
Richard, 6 married Carter Harrison.
11. Samuel Griffin, 4 b. 5 May, 1776; d. 15 July, 1821. He
„ married Catherine Innes, and had issue: i. Richard, 6 b. 7 Feb.,
1800; d. 11 June, 1851; married, first, Mary, daughter of Col.
Miles Selden, Jr.; secondly, Lucy W. Thornton, and left issue
by both wives, ii. Mary Griffin, 6 married George Pollard, of
Richmond, and had issue, iii. Samuel Griffin, 5 married Maria,
daughter of George and Eliza (Hudson) Gilmer, and sister of
the Hon. Thomas Walker Gilmer, and left issue. (For continua-
tion of the line of Col. Richard 3 and Elizabeth (Griffin) Adams,
see Mr. R. A. Brock's " Adams Genealogy," published in the
Richmond Standard, for Dec., 1880, and Jan., 1881.)
IV. Thomas 3 Adams (Eben.? Richard 1 ), b. in New Kent Co., Va.,
about 1730; will dated 12 Oct., 1785, proved in Augusta Co., Va.,
22 Oct., 1788. He was clerk of Henrico and vestryman of Henrico
parish, 5 Dec, 1757, to 10 Oct., 1764, though present at no vestry
meeting after 1761, in which year he was elected church warden.
[Wynne's Vestry Booh of St. John's Church, pp. 107, 119, 127,
etc.] He went to England about 1762, and a power of attor-
ney, dated 25 Aug., 1763, was sent to him in London from
Richard 3 Adams, son and heir of Ebenezar 2 Adams, deceased;
Anne 3 Smith, widow of Francis Smith, and daughter of the said
Ebenezar 2 Adams; Tabitha 3 Eppes, wife of Richard Eppes, and
Sarah 3 Fry, wife of John Fry, also daughters of the said Eben-
164 William and Mary College Quarterly.
ezar ! Adams. [Adams Papers.] He returned to Virginia before
27 May, 1774, at which time he was one of " the other inhabitants
of the colony" to sign the "Association" entered into by the late
members of the House of Burgesses [William and Mary Quar-
terly, V., p. 98] ; chairman of the New Kent County Committee,
1774; member of the Old Congress, 1778, and signed the Articles
of Confederation between the States; removed to Augusta Co.,
Va., and represented that district in the State Senate from 1784
to 1787. [William and Mary Quarterly, V., p. 98; Force's Am.
Archives, Ser. IV. ; Legislative Lists.] He married Elizabeth
Fauntleroy, widow of his first cousin, Bowler Cocke, Jr., and left
no issue. [Adams-Massie Papers.'] His will, dated and proved
as above, describes him as " Thomas Adams, of the Calf Pasture
and county of Augusta," and mentions his wife Elizabeth; brother
Eichard Adams; nephew "William Adams Fry; William Smith,
" son of my nephew William Smith, of the county of Essex, de-
ceased " ; friend John Blair, Esq., chancellor of Virginia ; niece
Tabitha Eppes ; to " my slave Joe " his freedom, there being " no
man to whom I consider myself under greater obligations." Ex-
ecutors, Maj. Thomas Massie, of Frederick Co. (who married
Sarah, daughter of Bowler Cocke, Jr.), and nephews William
Adams Fry and William Adams. [See Waddell's Annals of Au-
gusta County, p. 449.]*
Thomas 3 Adams used a seal which seems identical with the
arms ascribed by Burke to Adams of London, descended from
Wem, Longdon and Donnington, co. Salop: Ermine, three cats
passant in pale azure. A pedigree of eleven generations of this
family appears in the Visitation of Shropshire for 1623, which is
too early a date to show the probable connection with the Virginia
family from the data at hand. Sir Thomas Adams, Kt., of a
younger branch of the Shropshire family, Lord Mayor and father
of the city of London, was created a baronet in 1660. The baro-
netcy became extinct at the death of Sir Thomas Adams, sixth
baronet in 1770. He was a captain in the navy, and died on the
Virginia station. His arms were those described above.
•Mrs. Elizabeth (Fauntleroy) Adams died in 1792. [Letter of Wm. Adams
Fry to Maj. Thomas Massie, 1 May, 1792.]